Terminology

Stance - Kick - Punch - Strike - Block - Counting - Directions

Below is a list of terms you will hear in a Tae Kwon Do competition.

Pronounciation in English

Definition in English

1. Charyot

Attention

2. Kyung Nae

Bow

3. Joon Bi

Ready

4. Il Whea Jeon

1st Round

5. Yi Whea Jeon

2nd Round

6. Sam Whea Jeon

3rd Round

7. Shijak

Start

8. Keuman

Halt

9.Kalyeo

Break

10. Chong

Blue

11. Hong

Red

12. Kyunggo

Warnning

13. Kaesok

Continue

14. Hogoo

Protectieve gear

Stance - sogi

Walking stance - gunnun sogi
One leg is forward with the knee bent; the other leg is back and straight. The shoulders and both feet face directly forward.

L-stance - niun sogi
The shoulders face 90 degrees to the side, while the head faces directly forward. Both knees are bent; the front foot points directly forward, while the back foot points to the side.

Sitting stance - annun sogi
Also known as horse stance. The shoulders face directly forward, with the body vertical (not leaning forward); the feet point directly forward, separated by two shoulder widths and with the knees bent.

X-stance - kyocha sogi

Closed stance - moa sogi
The feet are together and the legs are straight; the shoulders face directly forward.

Ready stance - junbi sogi

Parallel ready stance - narani junbi sogi

Fighting stance - Matgo Sogi
This is a case of the L-stance. The front arm is bent, with the fist facing outward at about chin level; the elbow protects the ribs. The back arm is also bent, with the fist facing upward in front of the abdomen.

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Kick - chagi

Front kick - ap chagi
Executed from a walking stance. The kicking leg is brought up and bends at the knee, then is straightened with a snap. Contact is made with the ball of the foot, with the toes bent upward.

Side kick - yop chagi
Executed from an L-stance. The rear leg is brought up and bends at the knee while the body is turned on the other leg. As the body completes a 180 degree turn, then kicking leg is pushed forward with a snap. Contact is made with the heel and outside edge of the foot (not the sole or instep).

Roundhouse kick - dollyo chagi
Executed from an L-stance. Similar to a side kick, except that as the body completes the 180-degree turn, the leg is snapped around in the same direction, striking the target from the side instead of from the front. Contact is made with the ball of the foot, with the toes bent upward.

Back kick - dwit chagi

Crescent kick - pandal chagi

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Punch - jirugi

High punch - nopunde jirugi
Midsection punch - kaunde jirugi
Low punch - nijunde jirugi

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Strike - taerigi

Knife-hand strike - sonkal taerigi
Bridge Hand - Pandal Sonkal taerigi
Elbow strike - palkup taerigi
Backfist - joomuk taerigi
Thrust - tulgi
Finger thrust - sonkut tulgi

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Block - makgi
Head block (rising block) - sangdang makgi
Arms are crossed in front of the chest, with fists facing inward; the blocking arm is closest to the body. The blocking arm moves up while the fist rotates to face outward; simultaneously, the other arm moves downward, the elbow moving straight back and the fist ending up at the side at belt level, facing up.

Down block - hadang makgi

Inside forearm block - an palmok yop makgi

Outside forearm block - pakkat palmok yop makgi

Double forearm block - sang palmok makgi

Double knife-hand block - sonkal daebi makgi

Spreading block - hechyo makgi

Swing block - dollimyo makgi

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Counting:
(Listen to audio in MP3 format)
Hana - one
Tul - two
Set - three
Net - four
Tasot - five
Yosot - six
IlGob - seven
Yudol - eight
Ahop - nine
Yeol - ten
Yeol Hanna - eleven
Yeol Tul - twelve
Yeol Set - thirteen
  
SeuMool - twenty
SeuMool hanna  - twentyone
SeuMool tul  - twentytwo
  
SoReun - thirty
MaHeun - forty
Sheen - fifty
YeSoon - sixty
IlHeun - seventy
Yudoon - eighty
AHeun - ninety
Bak - hundred


Directions:

Ahp - front
Dwi - back
Bandae - reverse
Bakat - outer
An - inner
Anuro - inward
Bakuro - outward
OhReun - right
Wen - left

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